Maternal and infant mortality reduced in 2011
Protection of maternal and child health has been defined as a priority direction of development of healthcare in Kazakhstan. The measures taken within the implementation of the Salamatty Kazakhstan Program allowed to reduce the indicators of maternal and infant mortality in the country in 2011.
The Salamatty Kazakhstan-2015 is being implemented in the country now. The system of healthcare is qualitatively developing. Good dynamics of indicators of the state of health of population has been achieved. The birth rate and life expectancy have increased’ President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev said in his annual Address to the Nation ‘Socio-economic modernization – main direction of development of Kazakhstan’.
Protection of maternal and child health is a priority in the system of healthcare of developed countries. Thanks to taken measures, there is a tendency for improvement of indicators on reduction of maternal and infant mortality in Kazakhstan.
Preventive examinations of women and children are held in country on the regular basis. 1 million and 20 thousand women and 4 million 200 thousand children were examined in Kazakhstan in 2011.
Besides, the material and technical equipment of maternity houses has been significantly improved. 34 centers for teaching international technologies have been established in Kazakhstan and around 8 thousand doctors were trained on the basis of these centers.
Alongside, the list of guaranteed volume of free medical care for children was expanded in the country. The number of cycles of in vitro fertilization has been increased more than 3.5 times.
Kazakhstan started vaccination of children against pneumococcal disease for the first time in the post-Soviet space. Presently, more than 260 thousand children are embraced with this type of vaccination in four regions of the country. The vaccination will be held stage by stage in all the regions of the country by 2015.
The service of infant surgery is also actively developing in the country. The detection of abnormalities of infants and accordingly the number of conducted operations increased almost 1.5 times in 2011.
The taken measures gave a good result of reduction of maternal and infant mortality. In accordance with the information of the Ministry of Healthcare of Kazakhstan, the indicators of maternal mortality reduced 1.5 times and infant mortality – by 9.9% in 2011. Moreover, reduction of infant mortality is seen in all the regions of Kazakhstan.
The Salamatty Kazakhstan Program aims at improvement of health of the people of Kazakhstan, ensuring stable socio-demographic development of the country. It is planned that reduction of maternal mortality will be at the level of 28.1 people per 100 thousand live births by 2013 and 24.5 by 2015 and infant mortality will be reduced to 14.1 per 1000 live births by 2013 and 12.3 by 2015.